Wind is a clean source of renewable energy. Most wind energy comes from turbines. Wind farms have tens to hundreds of large turbines lined up in windy areas and ridges. Smaller turbines erected on private property can produce enough electricity for a single home.
Idaho’s wind production grew from 207,000 MWh at the end of 2008 to a total of more than 2,655,000 MWh in 2018 (or 1,000 MW). Wind power generated about 15% of Idaho’s net electricity in 2018, provided by nearly 550 wind turbines at utility-scale wind facilities. Wind mapping studies estimate that Idaho has almost 212,830 MW of potential wind generation.
Idaho’s most promising wind resources are located in and around the Snake River Plain, particularly on its eastern end. To supplement wind’s intermittent nature, dispatchable resources, including hydroelectric, nuclear power, and natural gas-fired generators, must be ready to meet and/or supplement load requirements when wind generation is not available.
The State of Idaho encourages the development of wind power on state endowment lands.
Idaho has over 2 million acres of endowment land. The Idaho Department of Lands manages this land with the express purpose of creating income for the Idaho State Endowment Fund, which funds schools and other state institutions.
In the 2008 session, the Idaho Legislature passed HCR 054. Its purpose is:
…to direct and encourage the Governor, the Office of Energy, and the Land board to work toward the development of energy production of renewable resources on state endowment lands for the purpose of maximizing the potential returns for education.
More information can be obtained by visiting the Idaho Department of Lands home page.
- The U.S. Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy keeps a map of wind potential in the United States. To see what kind of wind energy potential exists near you please, visit: WINDExchange
- To see where Idaho’s wind farms are located, please visit: U.S. Wind Turbine Database
The Idaho Governor’s Office of Energy and Mineral Resources offers low interest energy loans up to $15,000 to Idaho citizens and up to $100,000 to Idaho businesses who are interested in qualifying projects.
- American Wind Energy Association (AWEA)
- Wind Powering America – U.S. Department of Energy
- National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) – National Wind Technology Center
- National Wind Coordinating Committee (NWCC)
- Northwest Sustainable Energy for Economic Development (NWSEED)
- Renewable Northwest Project
- Utility Variable-Generation Integration Group
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wind Energy Page
- Small Wind Electric Systems — An Idaho Consumer’s Guide — U.S. Dept. of Energy and the Idaho Department of Water Resources; Energy Division
- Permitting of Small and Medium Sized Wind Turbine Projects in Idaho (PDF)—, A Handbook Guide with Specific Examples for Counties of Bonneville, Cassia, Elmore, Jerome and Twin Falls, Idaho Energy Division, November 2005
- Permitting Small Wind Turbines: A Handbook, Learning from the California Experience (PDF)— American Wind Energy Association (AWEA); Northwest Sustainable Energy for Economic Development (NWSEED)
- Wind Energy for Rural Economic Development — U.S. Dept. of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, June 2004
- Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (US DOE) — A library of renewable energy reports.
- BLM EIS — Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement on Wind Energy Development on BLM-Administered Lands in the Western United States, Bureau of Land Management, June 2005
- NWCC publications list — this National Wind Coordinating Committee list includes publications on wildlife/avian considerations, economic development, green power marketing, siting, permitting, policy, transmission, and more.
- Economic Impacts of Proposed Wind Energy Developments in the State of Idaho (PDF)— Idaho Governor’s Office of Resources, Boise, Idaho, August 2004